Hog cholera, classical swine fever and African swine fever Download PDF EPUB FB2
Outbreaks of classical swine fever among domestic pigs: 35 outbreaks in 14 communes over 10 years Outbreaks of classical swine fever among wild boar: 15 outbreaks in 9 communes over 10 years FIG. l African swine fever and classical swine fever (hog cholera) in the Nuoro province of Sardinia between and Also called hog cholera, Classical Swine Fever is a disease in the reportable list of the OIE (World Organization for Animal Health).
Any country infected by the virus is banned from export of any pork product, leading to disastrous consequences on the swine industry economy. Hog cholera, In Merck Veterinary Manual, National Publishing Inc. Eight ed,Philadelphia, p Swine Fever, In Veterinary Medicine, Saunders, Eight ed,London p.
Office International des Epizooties, Swine fever is one of the most important virus diseases of pigs. It is notifiable in most countries of the world. The pig is the only natural host. The virus is spread from infected or carrier pigs via discharges from the nose, mouth, urine and faeces or infected semen and it is highly contagious.
Classical swine fever (CSF), otherwise known as hog cholera (HC) or just swine fever, is a specific viral disease of pigs. It affects no other species.
It is a notifiable disease in most countries of the world. Abstract For the global pig industry, classical (CSF) and African swine fever (ASF) outbreaks are a constantly feared threat. Except for Sardinia, ASF was eradicated in Europe in the late s, which led to a research focus on CSF because this disease continued to be present.
Classical swine fever is caused by a small, enveloped RNA virus in the genus Pestivirus of the family Flaviviridae. Classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is antigenically related to the other pestiviruses, mainly to bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV) of cattle and to border disease virus (BDV) of sheep.
These viruses are highly prevalent in bovine and ovine populations and can infect pigs. to distinguish from acute classical hog cholera. Both diseases produce high fevers that last for about four or five days.
Once the fever has subsided, however, African swine fever virus characteristically causes death within two days (as opposed to seven days for hog cholera). Although immunization has been effective in. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious virus disease of pigs, caused by a unclassified virus (sharing similarity with Iridovirus and Poxvirus).
The disease is characterised by fever, hyperaemia of the skin, haemorrhages of the internal organs and, frequently, very high mortality.
The classical swine fever virus (CSFV) is a pestivirus—a genus in the family Flaviviridae—and it is closely related to other pathogens of veterinary importance, for example, bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) and border disease virus of sheep (BDV) (Simmonds et al., ).
Classical Swine Fever (CSF) is a highly contagious viral disease that affects swine. Once called hog cholera, CSF has been eradicated from many developed nations.
More Information. Classical Swine Fever (Hog Cholera): Review of Aspects Relevant to Control. M.‐L. Penrith.
TAD Scientific C.C., Menlo Park, South Africa Prevalence of African swine fever virus and classical swine fever virus antibodies in pigs in Benue State, Nigeria, Tropical Animal Health and Production, /sy, 50, 3, ( African swine fever (ASF) is caused by a virus that is classified as a member of the Iridovirinae family.
The disease in the warthog, the natural host, in Africa was described in by R. Montgomery. The reservoir of the vi rus is inti cks. The i ntroduct i on of domestic pi gs into territory. Classical Swine Fever (hog cholera).
In: OIE Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals (mammals, birds and bees), 6th edn. Paris, France: World Organisation for Animal Health.
– Classical Importance Swine Fever Hog Cholera, Swine Fever, European Swine Fever, Peste du Porc, Colera Porcina, Virusschweinepest Last Updated: October domesticated swine.
North America is also at risk for the reintroduction of classical Classical swine fever (CSF) is a highly contagious and economically significant viral disease of pigs. Classical swine fever (CSF) or hog cholera (also sometimes called pig plague based on the German word Schweinepest) is a highly contagious disease of swine (Old World and New World pigs).
It is mentioned as a potential : Flasuviricetes. Abstract. The highly varying picture of both African swine fever (ASF) and hog cholera (HC) makes a diagnosis of either disease on mere clinical and pathological grounds often impossible, particularly in subacute, chronic and atypical cases.
Classical swine fever is also known as hog cholera. Classical swine fever (CSF) is most often used in Europe and its ex-colonies. Hog cholera is the American term. CSF is a highly contagious multisystemic viral disease of swine that can run an acute, subacute, chronic, or late-onset course. Swine can also be infected subclinically.
A species profile for Classical Swine Fever. Highly contagious, viral disease of pigs that is usually fatal. The disease is still present in many countries, so there is a risk that it could become established in this country once again. While classical swine fever does not cause foodborne illness in people, economic losses to pork producers would be severe if the disease were.
Additional Physical Format: Online version: Salmon, D. Hog cholera and swine plague. Washington: Government Printing Office, (OCoLC) African swine fever (ASF) is a devastating disease of swine and the most important disease for the pork industry.
Since the outbreaks in in the Caucasian region, it has been spreading to the. Other Names: Hog Cholera, Swine Fever, Peste du Porc, Colera Porcina, Virusschweinepest Classical swine fever (CSF), also called hog cholera or swine fever, is a highly contagious viral disease of pigs. African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious haemorrhagic viral disease of domestic and wild pigs, which is responsible for serious economic and production losses.
It is caused by a large DNA virus of the Asfarviridae family, which also infects ticks of the genus Ornithodoros. Hog cholera, also known as classical or European swine fever, is caused by hog cholera virus, a member of the genus Pestivirus. It is shown here that the end stage of lethal infection in the.
indistinguishable from classical swine fever (hog cholera), another significant viral disease exotic to Australia. In severe, acute outbreaks, infected animals may present with signs of high fever, loss of appetite, lethargy, weakness and/or ‘reddening’ of the skin, rapidly leading to death.
Mortality rates are usually very high. Classical Swine Fever Classical swine fever (CSF; also known as hog cholera) is a contagious disease of swine and wild boar. CSF is probably the most important transmissible disease of pigs and it is caused by classical swine fever virus (CSFV), a member of the Flaviviridae family within the Pestivirus genus.
African swine fever (ASF) is a highly contagious virus that causes an often fatal disease in pigs and wild boar. The disease is similar to classical swine fever, but is caused by a different virus.
Both diseases only affect pigs and are exotic to Australia. People are not affected by African swine fever or classical swine fever. African swine fever could enter Australia by: illegally imported. Get this from a library. Eradication of hog cholera and African swine fever: report of the FAO/EEC Expert Consultation, held in Hanover, Federal Republic of Germany, September, [Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.; European Economic Community.].
Abstract. Hog cholera, also known as classical or European swine fever, is caused by hog cholera virus, a member of the genus Pestivirus.
It is shown here that the end stage of lethal infection in the natural host is associated with a dramatic depletion preferentially of B lymphocytes in the circulatory system as well as in lymphoid tissues.
Clinical and serologic response of American white-collared peccaries to African swine fever, foot-and-mouth disease, vesicular stomatitis, vesicular exanthema of swine, hog cholera, and rinderpest viruses.
Proc Annual Meeting U.S. Animal Health Assoc. 73. Hog cholera definition is - a highly infectious often fatal disease of swine caused by a flavivirus (species Classical swine fever virus of the genus Pestivirus) and characterized by fever, loss of appetite, weakness, erythematous lesions especially in light-skinned animals, and severe leukopenia.
While “classical swine fever” is an internationally used term, “hog cholera” began being used widely in the United States in the 19th century when there was also a cholera outbreak.
Sets out the disease control measures we would consider if African or classical swine fever was suspected or confirmed in pigs. Published 14 .